What Is Phospholipid?
The phospholipid is a type of lipid molecule with a phosphate group that forms a major part of the cell membrane. Each Phospholipid constitutes two fatty acids – one is the phosphate group and the other is the glycerol molecule. Phospholipids line themselves up in two parallel layers called Phospholipid bilayers and make up the cell membrane. A phospholipid is crucial to the cell’s ability to function
Anti Phospholipid Antibody Syndrome
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder where the Antiphospholipid Antibodies attack the proteins that aid the binding of phospholipids to the plasma membrane. Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome is more common in young women than men.
Anti Phospholipid Antibody Syndrome Symptoms
The common Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome symptoms are as follows;
- Blood clots in the legs
- Repeated miscarriages or stillbirths
- Transitory Ischemic Attack
A few of the less common Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome symptoms are;
- Persistent headaches
- Cardiovascular disease
Anti Phospholipid Antibody Syndrome Causes
The primary Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome cause includes underlying health conditions like an autoimmune disorder, infection and reaction to certain kind of medications.
Other risk factors to Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome are;
- Infections like Syphilis, HIV/AIDS, Lyme disease
- Lupus Erythematosus
Clinical Definition Of Anti Phospholipid Antibody (Apa) -Igg / Igm
Anti phospholipid antibodies (APA) are a group of autoantibodies that bind to negatively charged phospholipids. Anti phospholipid antibodies have been associated with thrombotic events which could lead to pregnancy loss, venous and arterial thrombosis, and thrombocytopenia. Anti phospholipid antibodies prevent the blood to flow properly resulting in blood clots causing a health risk to both the mother and the baby. Some important types of phospholipid antibodies are anticardiolipin; antinuclear and lupus antibodies.
When Do You Expect Results?
24 to 36 Hours
Why Get Tested?
The antiphospholipid antibody test detects increased levels of various antibodies. The process helps detect any particular set of specimens. It is an essential process in the body's ability to regulate the clotting of blood. antiphospholipid antibody test helps diagnose the reasons for recurrent miscarriage; asses or monitor a prolonged PTT (partial thromboplastin time) or assess the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.
Reason To Take Anti Phospholipid Antibody Test
Symptoms concerned with the antiphosolipid antibody are associated with shortness of breath, migraine headaches, deep vein thrombosis, stroke, heart attack, recurrent unexplained venous or arterial blood clots, recurrent unexplained thrombotic episodes, pain and swelling due to the thrombotic episodes, recurrent miscarriages, especially in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters, stillbirth, placental insufficiency, implantation failure, increased rates of IVF failure
Preparations Needed For Anti Phospholipid Antibody (Apa) -Igg / Igm Test
Preparatory instructions during specimen collection for antiphospholipid antibody test are:
No Fasting Required.No other special preparations required.
Specimen type: Serum (Blood Sample) Specimen collection procedure: Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome Treatment
The standard Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome treatment constitutes medication that helps the body in cutting down blood clots. For this blood-thinning medication can be given. Other drugs can also be used to treat the conditions affecting the immune system.