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Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
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Covid Safety
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Test Details
Test Code BOBT00870
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
What are Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies?
Detection of hepatitis D virus (HDV)-specific total antibodies (combined IgG and IgM) in human serum
Diagnosis of concurrent HDV infection in patients with fulminant acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (acute coinfection), chronic HBV infection (chronic coinfection), or acute exacerbation of known chronic HBV infection (HDV superinfection)
CLINICAL INFORMATION
Hepatitis D virus (HDV), also known as delta hepatitis virus, is a defective RNA virus comprised of a delta antigen and a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) as the core and protein coat of the virus, respectively. This virus cannot replicate effectively by itself as it requires the presence of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) to initiate and maintain its replication in the infected liver cells.

Infection with HDV occurs either as an acute coinfection with HBV or an acute superinfection of chronic HBV. Acute HBV-HDV coinfection usually follows a self-limited clinical course with spontaneous resolution but may have a fulminant clinical presentation. HDV superinfection in chronic HBV or in HBV carrier state typically manifests as an acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B, with a tendency to result in chronic HBV-HDV coinfection and early cirrhosis or liver failure. Chronic HDV infection is found in 1% of all chronically HBV-infected individuals in the United States.

Diagnosis of HDV can be established by detecting HDV antigen, HDV-specific IgM, or HDV-specific total antibodies (combined IgM and IgG) in the sera of infected patients with clinically evident acute or chronic hepatitis B. Anti-HDV IgM typically appears in serum at 2 to 3 weeks after onset of symptoms and disappears by 2 months after acute HDV infection, but it may persist up to 9 months in HDV superinfection. HDV IgG and HDV total antibodies persist in serum after resolution of acute HDV infection and in chronic coinfection.
Routine Tests
Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
You save   800
20% OFF
EXCLUSIVE OFFER
4000   3200
Report Delivery
5 Days
Free Sample Collection
Bookings above 500
Pre - Instruction
No Preparation Required.
Covid Safety
Assured
Test Details
Test Code BOBT00870
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies
What are Hepatitis Delta Virus IgM Antibodies?
Detection of hepatitis D virus (HDV)-specific total antibodies (combined IgG and IgM) in human serum
Diagnosis of concurrent HDV infection in patients with fulminant acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (acute coinfection), chronic HBV infection (chronic coinfection), or acute exacerbation of known chronic HBV infection (HDV superinfection)
CLINICAL INFORMATION
Hepatitis D virus (HDV), also known as delta hepatitis virus, is a defective RNA virus comprised of a delta antigen and a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) as the core and protein coat of the virus, respectively. This virus cannot replicate effectively by itself as it requires the presence of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) to initiate and maintain its replication in the infected liver cells.

Infection with HDV occurs either as an acute coinfection with HBV or an acute superinfection of chronic HBV. Acute HBV-HDV coinfection usually follows a self-limited clinical course with spontaneous resolution but may have a fulminant clinical presentation. HDV superinfection in chronic HBV or in HBV carrier state typically manifests as an acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B, with a tendency to result in chronic HBV-HDV coinfection and early cirrhosis or liver failure. Chronic HDV infection is found in 1% of all chronically HBV-infected individuals in the United States.

Diagnosis of HDV can be established by detecting HDV antigen, HDV-specific IgM, or HDV-specific total antibodies (combined IgM and IgG) in the sera of infected patients with clinically evident acute or chronic hepatitis B. Anti-HDV IgM typically appears in serum at 2 to 3 weeks after onset of symptoms and disappears by 2 months after acute HDV infection, but it may persist up to 9 months in HDV superinfection. HDV IgG and HDV total antibodies persist in serum after resolution of acute HDV infection and in chronic coinfection.
 

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