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Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
EXCLUSIVE PRICE
110
Report Delivery
1 Day
Free Sample Collection
Bookings above 500
Pre - Instruction
No preparation required.
Covid Safety
Assured
Test Details
Test Code BOBT00098
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
What is MCH?
MCH stands for “mean corpuscular hemoglobin.” An MCH value refers to the average quantity of hemoglobin present in a single red blood cell. Hemoglobin is the protein in your red blood cells that transports oxygen to the tissues of your body.

Your MCH value is related to two other values, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Together, MCH, MCV, and MCHC are sometimes referred to as red blood cell indices.

MCV is a measurement of the average size of your red blood cells. MCH results tend to mirror MCV results. This is because bigger red blood cells generally contain more hemoglobin while smaller red blood cells tend to have less.

MCHC is a calculation of the amount of hemoglobin per unit volume in a single red blood cell. The difference between MCH and MCHC is that the MCHC measurement takes the volume or size of the red blood cell into account while MCH does not.
How is MCH level determined?
Your MCH level is determined with a complete blood count (CBC) panel. Your doctor will order a CBC panel to screen for a large range of conditions, including anemia and infection. The CBC tests red and white blood cells, as well as platelets. MCH is calculated using the red blood cell analysis.

MCH is calculated by dividing the amount of hemoglobin in a given volume of blood by the number of red blood cells present.

Normal range
The normal range for MCH is between 27.5 and 33.2 picograms (pg).
Low MCH causes and symptoms
An MCH value calculated below 27.5 pg is considered low MCH. This means that there’s a low amount of hemoglobin present per red blood cell.
Causes
A low MCH value typically indicates the presence of iron deficiency anemia. Iron is important for the production of hemoglobin. Your body absorbs a small amount of iron that you eat in order to produce hemoglobin. Some of the general causes of iron deficiency include eating a diet that is low in iron, major surgery or trauma, or blood loss.

In more rare cases, low MCH can be caused by a genetic condition called thalassemia. In this condition, production of hemoglobin is limited. This means there aren’t as many red blood cells circulating in your bloodstream.

Symptoms
If you have a low MCH value, you may experience the following symptoms:
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • fast heartbeat
  • fatigue or weakness
  • very pale or yellowish skin
  • headache
High MCH causes and symptoms
An MCH value calculated above 33.2 pg is considered high MCH. This means that there is a larger amount of hemoglobin present per red blood cell.
Causes
High MCH value can often be caused by anemia due to a deficiency of B vitamins, particularly B-12 and folate. Both of these vitamins are required by your body in order to make red blood cells. These types of anemia can develop if your diet is low in B vitamins or if your body does not absorb B-12 or folate properly. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms of a B-12 deficiency.

Symptoms
If you have a high MCH value, you may experience the following symptoms:
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • fast heartbeat
  • fatigue or weakness
  • very pale or yellowish skin
  • headache
If you have anemia that’s due to B-12 deficiency, you may also experience:
  • tingling or “pins and needles” in your hands or feet
  • nausea or vomiting
  • bloating and gas
  • mental symptoms, such as depression or confusion
If you have anemia due to folate deficiency, you could experience the following additional symptoms:
  • diarrhea
  • decrease in appetite
  • irritability
  • a smooth or sensitive tongue
Routine Tests
Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
EXCLUSIVE PRICE
110
Report Delivery
1 Day
Free Sample Collection
Bookings above 500
Pre - Instruction
No preparation required.
Covid Safety
Assured
Test Details
Test Code BOBT00098
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
What is MCH?
MCH stands for “mean corpuscular hemoglobin.” An MCH value refers to the average quantity of hemoglobin present in a single red blood cell. Hemoglobin is the protein in your red blood cells that transports oxygen to the tissues of your body.

Your MCH value is related to two other values, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Together, MCH, MCV, and MCHC are sometimes referred to as red blood cell indices.

MCV is a measurement of the average size of your red blood cells. MCH results tend to mirror MCV results. This is because bigger red blood cells generally contain more hemoglobin while smaller red blood cells tend to have less.

MCHC is a calculation of the amount of hemoglobin per unit volume in a single red blood cell. The difference between MCH and MCHC is that the MCHC measurement takes the volume or size of the red blood cell into account while MCH does not.
How is MCH level determined?
Your MCH level is determined with a complete blood count (CBC) panel. Your doctor will order a CBC panel to screen for a large range of conditions, including anemia and infection. The CBC tests red and white blood cells, as well as platelets. MCH is calculated using the red blood cell analysis.

MCH is calculated by dividing the amount of hemoglobin in a given volume of blood by the number of red blood cells present.

Normal range
The normal range for MCH is between 27.5 and 33.2 picograms (pg).
Low MCH causes and symptoms
An MCH value calculated below 27.5 pg is considered low MCH. This means that there’s a low amount of hemoglobin present per red blood cell.
Causes
A low MCH value typically indicates the presence of iron deficiency anemia. Iron is important for the production of hemoglobin. Your body absorbs a small amount of iron that you eat in order to produce hemoglobin. Some of the general causes of iron deficiency include eating a diet that is low in iron, major surgery or trauma, or blood loss.

In more rare cases, low MCH can be caused by a genetic condition called thalassemia. In this condition, production of hemoglobin is limited. This means there aren’t as many red blood cells circulating in your bloodstream.

Symptoms
If you have a low MCH value, you may experience the following symptoms:
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • fast heartbeat
  • fatigue or weakness
  • very pale or yellowish skin
  • headache
High MCH causes and symptoms
An MCH value calculated above 33.2 pg is considered high MCH. This means that there is a larger amount of hemoglobin present per red blood cell.
Causes
High MCH value can often be caused by anemia due to a deficiency of B vitamins, particularly B-12 and folate. Both of these vitamins are required by your body in order to make red blood cells. These types of anemia can develop if your diet is low in B vitamins or if your body does not absorb B-12 or folate properly. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms of a B-12 deficiency.

Symptoms
If you have a high MCH value, you may experience the following symptoms:
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • fast heartbeat
  • fatigue or weakness
  • very pale or yellowish skin
  • headache
If you have anemia that’s due to B-12 deficiency, you may also experience:
  • tingling or “pins and needles” in your hands or feet
  • nausea or vomiting
  • bloating and gas
  • mental symptoms, such as depression or confusion
If you have anemia due to folate deficiency, you could experience the following additional symptoms:
  • diarrhea
  • decrease in appetite
  • irritability
  • a smooth or sensitive tongue
 

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