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Scrub Typhus IgM
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Scrub Typhus IgM
EXCLUSIVE PRICE
1500
Report Delivery
1 Day
Free Sample Collection
Bookings above 500
Pre - Instruction
No Preparation Required.
Covid Safety
Assured
Test Details
Test Code BOBT00751
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Scrub Typhus IgM
What is Scrub Typhus IgM?
Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium, Orientia tsutsugamushi. Immunochromatography (ICT) and IgM ELISA are two of the routinely employed antibody based assays for diagnosis of Scrub typhus fever in Nepal, although the recommended gold standard diagnostic test is IgM Immunofluorescence assay (IFA). This study evaluated InBios Scrub Typhus Detect™ Immunoglobulin M (IgM) ELISA and IgM Immunofluorescence assays in single serum sample at the time of admission.
Method
Study participants (1585 suspected cases), were enrolled based on acute febrile illness with suspected scrub typhus cases in central Nepal. Blood sample was collected from the suspected patients of scrub typhus, presenting with acute febrile illness. IgM antibody to Orientia tsusugamushi was detected by using Scrub Typhus Detect™ Kit and an in-house IgM IFA. The IFA assay was performed with the Gilliam, Karp, Kato strains and O. chuto antigens following the ARRL protocol.
Result
Statistical analysis of IgM ELISA results when compared to reference test, IgM IFA results demonstrated the following characteristics, sensitivity 84.0% (95%CI: 79.73–87.68%), specificity 94.82% (95% CI: 93.43–95.99%), positive likelihood ratio 16.21% (95% CI: 12.71–20.67%), negative likelihood ratio 0.17% (95% CI: 0.13–0.21%), disease prevalence 22.08%(95% CI: 20.06 -24.21%), positive predictive value 82.12% (95% CI: 78.28–85.42%) and negative predictive value 95.44% (95% CI: 94.27–96.38%) respectively.
Conclusion
Although IgM IFA is considered the gold standard test for the diagnosis of scrub typhus cases, it is relatively expensive, requires trained personal and a microscope with fluorescence filters. Scrub typhus IgM ELISA may be the best alternative test and possible viable option for resource limited endemic countries like Nepal.
Routine Tests
Scrub Typhus IgM
Parameters : 1
Also known as : Scrub Typhus IgM
EXCLUSIVE PRICE
1500
Report Delivery
1 Day
Free Sample Collection
Bookings above 500
Pre - Instruction
No Preparation Required.
Covid Safety
Assured
Test Details
Test Code BOBT00751
Test Category Individual Test
Sample Type Blood
Details of Scrub Typhus IgM
What is Scrub Typhus IgM?
Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium, Orientia tsutsugamushi. Immunochromatography (ICT) and IgM ELISA are two of the routinely employed antibody based assays for diagnosis of Scrub typhus fever in Nepal, although the recommended gold standard diagnostic test is IgM Immunofluorescence assay (IFA). This study evaluated InBios Scrub Typhus Detect™ Immunoglobulin M (IgM) ELISA and IgM Immunofluorescence assays in single serum sample at the time of admission.
Method
Study participants (1585 suspected cases), were enrolled based on acute febrile illness with suspected scrub typhus cases in central Nepal. Blood sample was collected from the suspected patients of scrub typhus, presenting with acute febrile illness. IgM antibody to Orientia tsusugamushi was detected by using Scrub Typhus Detect™ Kit and an in-house IgM IFA. The IFA assay was performed with the Gilliam, Karp, Kato strains and O. chuto antigens following the ARRL protocol.
Result
Statistical analysis of IgM ELISA results when compared to reference test, IgM IFA results demonstrated the following characteristics, sensitivity 84.0% (95%CI: 79.73–87.68%), specificity 94.82% (95% CI: 93.43–95.99%), positive likelihood ratio 16.21% (95% CI: 12.71–20.67%), negative likelihood ratio 0.17% (95% CI: 0.13–0.21%), disease prevalence 22.08%(95% CI: 20.06 -24.21%), positive predictive value 82.12% (95% CI: 78.28–85.42%) and negative predictive value 95.44% (95% CI: 94.27–96.38%) respectively.
Conclusion
Although IgM IFA is considered the gold standard test for the diagnosis of scrub typhus cases, it is relatively expensive, requires trained personal and a microscope with fluorescence filters. Scrub typhus IgM ELISA may be the best alternative test and possible viable option for resource limited endemic countries like Nepal.
 

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