What Is Haemogram ?
Haemogram also referred to as complete blood count or complete haemogram test is a group of tests performed on a sample of blood. Haemogram serves as a broad screening panel that checks for the presence of any diseases and infections in the body. Haemogram tests mainly the three components of the blood namely Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, and Platelets.
The tests performed under these three categories include a wide array of tests namely:
Haemoglobin (Hb), TOTAL LEUKOCYTE COUNT (TLC), Red Blood Cells Count (RBC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), DIFFERENTIAL COUNT (DC), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Platelet Count (PC), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), RDW-CV, Neutrophils, Absolute Eosinophil Count (AEC), RDW-SD, Lymphocytes, Eosinophils, Monocytes, Basophils, Absolute Neutrophil count, Absolute Lymphocyte Count, Absolute Monocyte Count, Absolute Basophil count, MPV, PCT (CBC).
The main advantage of the Haemogram test is that it detects the slightest abnormality present in the bloodstream and offers crucial information regarding the medical cause.
Complete Haemogram Test Preparation
The haemogram test requires no special preparation and is conducted on a sample of blood. There are few factors that can alter the test results and so should be notified to the doctor.
These factors are as follows:
- Certain medications like diuretics, antibiotics, steroids, etc
- Certain kinds of allergies
- High Triglyceride level
- Smoking, stress, vigorous exercise